Anglo-Egyptian Condominium Agreement

After Egyptian independence in 1922 as the kingdom of Egypt, Britain gradually gained more control over condoinium and almost completely digested Egypt until 1924. Growing Egyptian discontent with this settlement intensified after the fall of the Egyptian monarch in 1952. On January 1, 1956, Egypt and Britain ceded their independence to Sudan. In February 1953, an agreement was reached between Egypt, the United Kingdom and Sudanese political representatives on the transition from condom domination to self-management. [4] Sudan became responsible in March 1953 and Ismail al-Azhari became prime minister in 1954. [5] A constituent assembly was created and a transitional constitution was drafted. Sudanese representatives could participate in the Afro-Asian conference scheduled for April 1955. Even when the British ended their occupation of Egypt in 1936 (with the exception of the Suez Canal Zone), they retained their forces in Sudan. Successive governments in Cairo have repeatedly stated that they have cancelled the condom agreement, declared the British presence in Sudan illegitimate, and insisted on full British recognition of King Farouk as “King of Egypt and Sudan,” a recognition the British did not want to grant; Especially since Farouk secretly negotiated an Italian invasion with Mussolini. The defeat of this 1940 approach, which was harmful to Anglo-Egyptian relations, helped to reverse the trend of the Second World War. With regard to relations between Egypt and Sudan, the condominium agreement refers to the Anglo-Egyptian agreement on Sudan, which was signed on January 19, 1899, Lord Cromer, the British General Counselor in Egypt, and Boutros Ghali Pasha, Egyptian Foreign Minister. .

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